About Border Terriers

The breed

Border Terriers are lovely, friendly little dogs with very cute faces and small enough to fit into a flat or tiny house or garden.  This is most people's perception of a Border Terrier.

All the above is true, but it must be remembered that Border Terriers have been bred for many years as a WORKING dog, who will run with hounds, go to ground when necessary, attack and defend itself as required and is a TERRIER, not a lapdog!

two border terriers running towards the camera in the surf on the beach looking happy

Visit the Kennel Club website to read the Border Terrier breed standard.  Download The Border Terrier Club guide to Border Terriers from the link opposite, or visit The Southern Border Terrier Club website to read 'Is a Border Terrier right for me?'.

starting gate of terrier racing at a show with 4 border terriers just setting off on a race with a man having let them go and spectators in the background

This means that Borders need a lot of exercise, not just a potter down the road and back twice a day, maximum ten minutes.  

They need mental stimulation, human company (which they love), not too much food or they may become overweight, and they have to be watched with other, strange, dogs as they can be defensive.  Having said that, they are wonderful companions, will walk all day without tiring and curl up quietly by the fire in the evening.

Getting a puppy

First, there are a lot of decent, caring breeders out there; they will be the ones asking you lots of questions before they consider letting you have one of their puppies.  If a breeder asks you so many questions about your ability to look after their precious puppy that you start to feel insulted, then they are the better breeders!  

They will take a keen interest in how the puppy will be looked after and will have lots of advice about the breed and the puppy's care.  

They will worm the pups, feed them 3 - 4 times a day, start the socialisation process and play with them so they are used to being handled, keep them clean, warm and dry and much more besides.

The breeder should be happy to answer all your questions and even to take the puppy back themselves if anything happens at any time that means you cannot keep it.  The puppy would not be in this world if not for your breeder, so they have a big responsibility to ensure the health and welfare of the puppy.

Good luck in your search; make sure this is the breed for you and that you know all  about their  pros and  cons.  Accept  them


for the great but naughty, cheeky little terriers they are; ensuring they come from a reputable source, before you take one home.  Read our Do's & Don'ts checklist below for things to consider before you take one on.

They're not perfect, but they are great little hooligans with a character larger than life!

5 border terrier puppies all lying down fast asleep on 3 steps outside
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Don't let your pup become a Border Terrier Welfare statistic!

Read our handy list of Do's and Don'ts for our top tips on choosing your puppy to make sure you are prepared for the arrival of your new member of the family.

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RESEARCH the breed before you buy to make sure a Border Terrier is right for you.  Hopefully information on our site will help you, but talk to your breeder, other owners or breed clubs and read books on the breed before making your decision.

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DON'T be pressured into paying a deposit before you've met the breeder and covered all your (and their) questions.

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NEVER make a rash decision about buying a puppy.  Visit the breeder, take a list of questions, be prepared to answer the their questions, then go home and think about it before you decide.  Don't be pressured by a hard sell if they say the pup might be gone while you're thinking about it.

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CHECK the date of birth.  The pups should not leave home earlier than 8 weeks old.  A breeder parting with puppies earlier than this doesn't care about them and just wants your money.

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ALWAYS make sure you see the puppy with its mother and ask questions about the father too if not present, especially on health and temperament.

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DON'T accept a puppy that has not had a health check by the breeder's vet.  It is better to know the puppy is healthy before you purchase, than to find out it has a serious issue after you get it home and have fallen in love with it.

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ASK if the pups have been wormed; when, with what and amounts.  They should be wormed at least three times before they leave home at 8 weeks.

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DON'T accept a puppy with fleas.  The pups should be well cared for and fleas or worms at such a young age can be life threatening.  Also, once fleas invade your home, you'll need to talk to a vet about getting rid of them, so best not to bring them home in the first place.

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TAKE the puppy to your to your own vet shortly after purchase for a full check up and vaccinations.

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ENSURE the pups have been well socialised; check how they react to being handled and picked up (while you sit on the floor).  Particularly if raised outside, has the breeder spend time socialising them.

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INTRODUCE children (if you have them) to the breeder and puppy.  A decent breeder will be concerned to know that your children are not going to maul the puppy about and your children should also meet the pup before it comes home.

MAKE sure you get Kennel Club registration details if you want a pedigree.  KC Registration can be done online, so if the papers are not ready, ask for a copy of the application made or the KC Registration numbers of the sire and dam, then call the KC before you buy to confirm the application has been made.  Do not accept excuses.

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WALK AWAY if you see anything that you are not happy with at the breeder's premises.  Do not buy a puppy out of pity as you are only encouraging the breeder to breed more unhealthy dogs.  For serious concerns, you could report the breeder to the appropriate authorities.

Don't get your Border for Christmas

Hopefully you will have this puppy for 15 years or so; it is worth the wait of a couple of weeks, until the New Year when you have more time.  Introducing the puppy to a calm, quiet household and helping it with  house  training, making sure it  has  the right

2 border terriers sat side by side with a red & green tinsel garland draped around their necks

things to eat and is fed 3 - 4 times a day at regular intervals will benefit both the puppy and you in the long run.

The puppy will be healthier, happier and will settle in more easily so you can reap the rewards of time spent house training, socialising and obedience training.

There are of course exceptions to every rule.  Some households expect a quiet time at Christmas, with no visitors and know they will have the necessary time to devote to settling puppy in, along with training and socialising it.

If that fits your circumstances, there may be a case for allowing yourself the joy of a puppy in your house at this time of year, but hopefully you will select a breeder who needs an awful lot of convincing before they allow you to take their precious puppy home with you at this time of year (if you find a litter ready at this time).

BT health

The seven Border Terrier Breed Clubs agreed to form a Breed Health Group in 2016 to consider the health status of the Border Terrier.  Their website aims to provide a reference point for information and guidance on the various health concerns in Border Terriers.

Click the image below to visit their website where you will find more information on their work.

border terrier sat on the stand at IDEXX laboratories stand at Vet London exhibition

You can also read updates from the group in our News section on Breed Health and below we list the  key health conditions currently causing concern in the Border Terrier community.

Key Border Terrier health conditions

SLEM / SPS

Spongiform-Leuco-Encephalo-Myelopathy (SLEM) aka Shaking Puppy Syndrome (SPS) is a breakdown of the insulation (myelin) surrounding the nerve fibres in nerve bundles (white matter) principally in the rear most parts of the brain but with signs of some involvement of other areas too.  Affected puppies started to ‘shake’ at the time they commenced early attempts to walk (around two weeks of age). Most of the tremors (shaking) were seen in the hindquarters of the affected puppies.

The Breed Health Group page.

PGSD / CECS

Paroxysmal Gluten Sensitive Dyskinesia (PGSD) aka Canine Epileptoid Cramping Syndrome (CECS) and as Spike's Disease, is a seizure like disorder recorded in a number of breeds but is of particular concern in the Border Terrier.  Symptoms are highly variable but a common factor is that the animal remains fully conscious during the episode. Also, paroxysmal implies that the abnormal activity comes in episodes with the dog being normal at other times.  The condition has almost certainly been present in the breed for a very long time but the true prevalence isn't known. 

We are pleased to announce that the Animal Health Trust is now recruiting for both healthy Border Terriers and those with suspected PGSD/CECS.  The research is aimed at identifying regions of the genome associated with PGSD by performing a ‘Genome-Wide Association Study’ (GWAS), also known as a genome scan to identify Border Terriers at greater risk of developing PGSD.

Further information on this study and how you can take part has been announced in our blog (or click on the image below).  You can also find out more on the Border Terrier Health website.

GBM

Gall Bladder Mucocoele (GBM) is, by definition, a disorder characterised by the deposition of thick mucus into the lumen (interior space) of the gallbladder.

In September 2019 GBM was added as a separate page to the Breed Health Group website with more information for Vets and owners alike, as the Border Terrier has been highlighted as being at increased risk.

The condition, particularly with regard to an apparent susceptibility in Border Terriers, is the subject of ongoing research by Mark Dunning, Fergus Allerton and Lorenzo Brunero of the Willows Referral Centre and they would be grateful if any owners of Border Terriers which have been diagnosed with gallbladder mucocoele could complete a questionnaire for which the link can be found on the Breed Health Group website.

Others

A few other conditions are being identified as significant in Border Terriers, some in the UK and some elsewhere. These include: Juvenile cataracts (Early onset), Cushing's disease, Glioma (brain tumour) and Legge-Calve-Perthe's Disease (Perthe's Disease).

Anyone with information of confirmed cases of these conditions in Border Terriers is requested to send information to the Border Terrier Breed Health Co-ordinator Professor Steve Dean (on a confidential basis if required).

Further Information

The Border Terrier Club have produced a helpful leaflet packed with information on more general Border Terrier health issues as well as the particular conditions listed here on our website.  This is useful resource for owners, breeders and others with an interest in the breed and you can download a copy using the link below:

Breed clubs

There are seven Breed Clubs in the UK for the Border Terrier.  Click on the logos below to be taken to their website for further helpful information.

Useful resources

Border Terriers 2020

An event celebrating 100 years of the breed's official recognition by the UK Kennel Club, the first official breed standard, the first show for Kennel Club Challenge Certificates and the founding of The Border Terrier Club.

1 - 4 May 2020 at Kelso

   

A wealth of information on Border Terriers and the Border Terrier community.

border terrier sat in the cockpit of a light aircraft ready for take off facing the camera looking happy

The Kennel Club Discover Dogs

An exhibition where you can meet the breeds (including the Border Terrier!), visit the trade stands, along with world-class displays and competitions.  A great day out for the whole family!

12 - 13 Oct 2019 at London Excel

Breed Books

We have gathered a list of reference texts on the Border Terrier, from pet owner guides to breed history.  Where possible we have included an amazon link, or you can check your local bookshop, although a couple may require a little more searching as they are no longer in print.

Border Terriers Today book front cover image with 2 border terriers looking alert

Border Terriers Today

(Book of the Breed Series)

Author: Anne Roslin-Williams
Published: 31 Aug 1996 Hardcover

About the Border Terrier book front cover image with illustration of border terrier standing looking alert

About the Border Terrier


Author: Verite Reily Collins
Published: 29 May 1997 Hardcover

About the Border Terrier book front cover with photo of 6 border terriers sniffing grass

About the Border Terrier

A view of its history and breeding

Author: Walter J F Gardner
Published: 1 Sep 1991 Hardcover

AVAILABLE HERE

Dog Expert Border Terrier book front cover with head of border terrier lying down photo

Border Terrier

(Dog Expert series)

Author: Kathy Wilkinson
Published: 1 Nov 2012 Paperback

The Border Terrier book front cover with a border terrier sitting looking appealing

The Border Terrier

(Best of Breed series)

Author: Betty Judge
Published: 1 Jun 2015 Paperback

Border Terriers book front cover with photo of border terrier standing looking at the camera

Border Terriers

An Owner's Companion

Authors: Frank & Jean Jackson
Published: 26 Sep 2003 Paperback

Border Terrier book front cover with a photo of a border terrier head with open mouth

Border Terrier

(A Foyles Handbook)

Authors: Frank Jackson &
W Ronald Irving
Published: 1987 Hardcover

AVAILABLE HERE

 

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